Transliteration of Greek Words
Greek words beginning with a vowel have that vowel marked to indicate the type of breathing used in its pronunciation; a reversed comma above the letter indicates an aspirate (i.e., as though the word began with an h), and a comma above it indicates no aspirate. Words beginning with rho have this letter marked as an aspirate (i.e., with a reversed comma). Transliterations of vowels marked as aspirates have the vowel preceded by h; the transliteration of the letter rho as an initial letter (aspirate) is as rh.

Dictionary of word roots and combining forms . . 2013.

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